Monday, May 25, 2020
In the book, Americas Great War: World War I and the American Experience, Robert H. Zieger discusses the events between 1914 through 1920 forever defined the United States in the Twentieth Century. When conflict broke out in Europe in 1914, the President, Woodrow Wilson, along with the American people wished to remain neutral. In the beginning of the Twentieth Century United States politics was still based on the isolationism ideals of the previous century. The United States did not wish to be involved in European politics or world matters. The U.S. goal was to expand trade and commerce throughout the world and protect the borders of North America. The American belief at the beginning of the war was that it would be short conflictÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦At the same time they attempted to sway Mexico into a alliance with them in case the United States declared war on Germany. The Zimmerman Telegram was intercepted by Allied forces and given to President Wilson. Wilson asked Congress to declare war on Germany on April 2, 1917. While Germany had done nothing to threaten our U.S. security, Wilson said in his speech that we would enter the war to make the world safe for democracy. (Zieger, 53) A point that later spurn the effectiveness of Wilsons influence over peace was that America entered the war as an associated power rather than a true Ally. Zieger points out a great question concerning this vague reason for going to war: If the pathological character of the German state was truly the reason for American entry, why did Wilson take so long to recognize its irredeemable evil? (Zieger, 54) Other would question Wilsons motives and influences for going to war or not going to war earlier for decades to come. Wilsons vision of neutrality and facilitating as peace maker for the warring nations as Roosevelt did in 1906 (Davidson, 647) came to questionable end. Wilsons next vision would be to facilitate peace as a member of the Allies and secure the world from another such war. From the beginning of the war women were more active in government social affairs. As they protested for both peace and preparedness theirShow MoreRelatedThe Great War Of 1914974 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthe Great War of 1914. Woodrow Wilson was the 28th President of the United States during World War one. The outbreak of the Great War of 1914, also known as World War I, started with the assassination of Austria Archduke Franz Ferdinand, who was shot to death by Gavrilo Princip (Columbia Southern University, (CSU), n.d.). The Prime Minister of Great Britain during the Great War was David George Lloyd (CSU, n.d.). World War1 was the very first modern and trench war, as well as, the last war governedRead MoreTo What Extent Did World War Two Help The United States Of America Recover From The Effects Of The Great Depression1464 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Great Depression To what extent did World War Two help the United States of America recover from the effects of the Great Depression? Nirbhay Bondili Historical investigation Mr. Lissina May, 1, 2017 Question: To what extent did World War Two help the United States of America recover from the effects of the Great Depression? Evaluation of sources Source 1: Steindl, Frank G. What Ended the Great Depression? It Was Not World War II. Independent Review 12, noRead MoreEssay on Boss713 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesUSSO Development of the US and People Professor Kareen Williams MID-TERM amp; FINAL REVIEW PART I Study aid for the EssayÃ¢â¬â¢s on the Midterm Exam. 1. Discuss colonization in general, and explain why was England slow to begin colonization, and what factors finally enabled the English to establish successful colonies? 2. What was the relationship between early Virginia settlers and the Powhatan Indians, and how did Indian policies in the southern colonies eventually laid the basis for forcedRead MoreRevolutionary Mothers Review Essay756 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesStruggle for Americas Independence. Vintage Books. Book Review #1 By Tawnya Pluid Carol BerkinÃ¢â¬â¢s Revolutionary Mothers: Women in the Struggle for Americas Independence is an excellent book that I immensely enjoyed. When many people think of the Revolutionary War, they might imagine George Washington gallantly leading his men through the winters at Valley Forge or the like. Berkin begins her masterpiece by giving a general overview of the roll that women played in our countries war for independenceRead MoreRetribution : The Battle For Japan1591 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesfor Japan 1944-1945 written by former British journalist and military historian, Max Hastings tells a story about one of the most brutal and horrifying wars in history, the Pacific War between United States of America and Japan. Through a very detailed style of writing, Hastings was able to clearly narrate the happenings in the last stages of World War II, especially the fall of Japan at the hands of America. Through some stories and interviews from the people who were directly involved, Hastings wasRead MoreEssay on The Killer Angels by Michael Sharra1446 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbloodiest battle fought between the North and the South during the Civil War. Initially intended as a TV mini series, Gettysburg was produced as a full-length feature film. The film glorifies Union and Confederate soldiers in the historic bloodbath of Gettysburg. The film enables viewers to experience a first hand account of the spirit and battleground of the four-day battle. This permits for a more personalized account of the war. As viewers, we must keep in mind that the film is based off a fictitiousRead MoreModern Democratic Governments 920 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthe political system in which authority is divided among the central government and separate, lower governments, such as AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s individual states. However, the system of checks and balances which the founders placed into the constitution to form a separation of power among the government has not been so readily duplicated by other democratic nations. According to AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s founding fathers, it was vital that the newly established government be separated into equal divisions, to ensure that noRead MoreGermany s Early Success During The Second World War1745 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesattributed to GermanyÃ¢â¬â¢s early success during the Second World War. While some factors were more significant to the GermanÃ¢â¬â¢s success, there is no debating that all of them contributed to the GermanÃ¢â¬â¢s attacking and conquering of Europe. It took quite a while for the Germans to begin to have trouble winning battles. The early success of Germany from 1939 to 1941 was due to Western Europe being afraid to have another World War, AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s lack of initial intervention, the Blitzkrieg, and Adolf HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreAmericas Foreign Policy: Rise to Globalism by Stephen E. Ambrose1166 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesRise to Globalism is a fascinating summary of Americas foreign policy from World War II to the Gulf War. Stephen E. Ambrose, earned his history Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin and he is a very talented author. Rise to Globalism was published by Penguin Books Inc. in 1993 in New York. The book gives the readers an idea of why America and the rest of the world were communicating, ordered in consecutive order and by U.S. presidents. In this novel, Stephen E. Ambrose and Douglas G. BrinkleyRead MoreThe Vietnam War: A Brief Analysis1396 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Still, even though the Cold War is over, there are many reasons why the history of the Vietnam War should remain fresh and the effort to grasp both the war and the antiwar opposition remain essential. The Vietnam War is, of course, an episode in military history. The episodeÃ¢â¬â¢s setting is during the Cold War in Vietnam and the central t heme of the episode was to pit capitalism and or democracy against communism. In light of this, the movement against the Vietnam War could be said as one of the greatest
Thursday, May 14, 2020
An underclass does not exist in the United States. It is a function of conservativeÃ¢â¬â¢s imaginations. The relevance of their creating of an underclass serves one large purpose and that is to be an emotional ploy to keep people politically occupied with small issues. This allows corporations to ensure that their competition will be busy fighting other battles while they continue to push policy and laws that will represent the interests of the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s wealthiest and most powerful. A distraction is necessary because if people knew their rights and wages were threatened chaos would erupt upon large corporations. The facts are that there is no underclass, this myth is being used to politically divide the working class, for the purpose of weakening the advancement of working class interests. The truth is that there is no underclass. The word suggests that beneath all of the other social classes within the Unites States, there is another called the underclass. Within the last decade the word underclass has begun to represent a group of people who are in poverty in the U.S. This word and its unofficial population has begun to influence Ã¢â¬Å"policymakers agendas concerning issues of race , urban decay, and social welfare.Ã¢â¬ (Reed,2000) The term became popular after Ken Auletta wrote Underclass. The essay linked Ã¢â¬Å"povertyÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"antisocial behaviorÃ¢â¬ together as the characteristics of people who make up of the underclass. He stated that the people work in an Ã¢â¬Å"underground economyÃ¢â¬ .Show MoreRelatedThe American Underclass in In Life at the Bottom by Theodore Dalrymple1127 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesargues that in order to rise out of the underclass that family ties are needed and without it there is hardly any way to do so. Dalrymple says tha t many of the issues that plague the underclass comes from a bourgeoisie society, that this upper class of liberals are feeding and fueling all of the problems and mentality that are taken on by the underclass. Some of the points that where stated by Dalrymple can in fact be transitioned towards the United States in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s economy. Violence is somethingRead MoreThe Undeserving and Deserving Poor Structure1065 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthat of the underclass. Karl Marx tabled the idea of the lumpen proletariat, yet in the modern era, the concept did not take hold in Britain until 1989. Today, the debate focuses on whether frictional forces create a continuum of inequality, or whether a defined underclass does exist. The question asks if poor people belong in a separate underclass, which is a vague definition. There will always be poor people, but whether or not this automatically qualifies them as a separate underclass is tenuousRead MoreThe English Underclass in Dr. Theodore Dalrymles Ã¢â¬Å"Life at the Bottom1138 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDr. Theodore Dalrymle wrote Ã¢â¬Å"Life at the bottomÃ¢â¬ as a way to express his views of the English underclass. He believes their impaired ways of life, are the cause of poverty in England, Ã¢â¬Å"not the economyÃ¢â¬ . Those who pledged to serve and protect, on many levels, are neglecting their responsibilities, either in fear of being judged themselves or by simply turning a blind eye to continuous problems within England. No one wants to accept the reality of EnglandÃ¢â¬â¢s horrendous situation. Therefore their endlessRead MoreKaffir Boy Essay example1071 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe above quote is the first statement of the book just to give a taste of what is to come. Throughout Mark Mathabanes life he lived in what we in the United States would call poverty, but in Africa they call it the underclass. After starting to play tennis he became good enough to be able to move to the United States and escape his underclass and Apartheid. Kaffir Boy, written by Mark Mathabane, is about his struggle growing up in South Africa during apartheid. When the book begins JohannesRead MoreThe Poverty Of Americans Are Affected By Poverty1464 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesare many Americans that deny the fact that the country is in a state of despair, the only likely way out is to change how the government assists the deprived and to educate the unknowing. Policy makers have the ability to implement new initiatives that would decrease if not eliminate the underclass within America. By implementing new policies such as more flexible jobs as well as aiding with savings, this could entice the underclass to build wealth and instill a sense of hope and fortune, somethingRead MoreEvaluating the View that Poverty is Caused by Economic Inequality Rather than Cultural Attitudes and Lifestyles1327 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAttitudes and Lifestyles There is much debate in sociology that poverty is caused by structural factors such as economic inequality and those who state that it is caused by cultural factors such as attitudes, values and lifestyles. The first group say that the poor are made to be poor by the economic and political systems, they state that the poor are prevented from achieving a good standard of living by the actions of the more powerful in society and that those with the leastRead MoreStratification Systems And The Stratification System1152 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesdistribution of income, socio-economic disparity and the economy distribution of a state, class is an important factor. Famous Sociologists, Gilbert and Kahl, gave the class stratification wherein they segregated the classes and gave a proper distribution system. They gave six classes in their theory; Capitalist or the elites, Upper Middle Class, Lower middle class, Working class, Lower working class and the Underclass. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Capitalist Class: Average annual income of this class has to be more that 2Read MoreThe Happiest And Happiest : The Truth About The American Class System1490 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe Unites States, strategic planning towards their goals, the closeness of ties to home. A valid citizenship is of critical importance in our society for it determines a personÃ¢â¬â¢s likelihood of obtaining a job, and securing a continuous income. In order to find new opportunities, many will seek to immigrate into a foreign country, such as the United States, without legal documents to present to an employer their identification, and authorization to work. Those who enter into the States illegallyRead MoreAmerica, Like Ancient Rome, Depend On A Marginalized Underclass Of Maintain Its World Power Status?1330 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesStephanie Sierra Professor Stern History 219-01 Paper#1 Does America, like Ancient Rome, depend on a subjugated underclass to maintain its world power status? In Ancient Rome, The way society worked was much similar to America. The Roman social class is and has been very significant in the operational American social class. None of the Roman classÃ¢â¬â¢ was oppressed or enslaved rather they were split into two. Once the Romans defeated the Etruscans they went on to build an empire that would changeRead MoreSocial Stratification And Its Effects On Physical And Mental Differences1216 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesphysical differences in people there has been social stratification. Social stratification is the separation of based on physical and mental differences. Every society exhibits a pattern of separation between its people. We will focus mainly on the United States and how they organize people based on the three main organizing principles, class, race, and gender. Social class is defines as Ã¢â¬Å"the grouping of individuals by economic positionÃ¢â¬ (Larkin, Para. 9). Members of each social class share similar
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The aim of this paper is to share the knowledge of sociology of the school as well as that of the community. The paper is aimed at equipping the undergraduate student with the knowledge of the roles of the teachers in the two societies. The paper helps to reduce the over assumption of the teachers roles in the two societies and bring a wider understanding of their roles within societies. In studying the sociology of the school, the relationship between members of the school society is brought to understanding as the roles teachers re well expanded. This helps students as well understand their roles as participants in the school society. In the community, teachers have a wide role of family management as well as the community based roles the teacher has to carry out. The paper this explores the need for the undergraduate student to understand these concepts in order to avoid possible conflicts of interests that arises in the community. Besides the paper equipping the general knowledge of the entire sociology members, the papers specifically opens a chance for undergraduate teacher, students to understand their roles in the two societies. Introduction Roles are the assigned duties individual are expected to take in a given society. In a school and community, teachers have wide assigned duties they are expected to accomplish by the end of a given period of time interval of teaching and learning process. The role varies from those that are curriculum oriented to theShow MoreRelatedWhat Is the Importance of Studying Sociology?967 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesstudying sociology? Of the various social sciences, sociology seems to be the youngest. It is gradually developing. Still it has remarkable progress. Its uses are recognized widely today. In modern times, there is a growing realization of the importance of the scientific study of social phenomena and the means of promoting what Prof. Giddings calls human adequacy (human welfare). The study of sociology has a great value especially in modern complex society. Some of the uses of sociology are asRead MoreUsing Sociology to Bridge the Opportunity Gap1193 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesstatistics and application of sociological principles, will support the notion that adding sociology as part of a compulsory curriculum is a viable means to reverse the increasing disparity between the rich and the poor. Before entering into defense of the argument, it is important to communicate that the current situation is one which demands reform. It must be understood that the state of the public school system is not simply confined to the domain of education but is instead very much interrelatedRead MoreStudent s Social Background And Their Connections Within Society1531 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesstudentÃ¢â¬â¢s social background and their connections within society. Julie Matthews regards education being concerned with the transmission of culture, values, beliefs, knowledge and skills (2013,p166). Social insights into learnerÃ¢â¬â¢s backgrounds can expose how and why studentÃ¢â¬â¢s act and think in a particular way. Developmentally the sociology of education has provided numerous theories, the functionalist perspective, the conflict perspective, Forms of Capital and the Virtual Backpack Theory, which contributesRead MoreSociology Of Education As A Social Institution1489 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Sociology of education The sociology of education is a diverse and vibrant subfield that features theory and research focused on how education as a social institution is affected by and affects other social institutions and the social structure overall, and how various social forces shape the policies, practices, and outcomes of schooling (www.thoughtco.com). Sociology of education is the systematic study of educational system within the broader social context. At the heart of sociology is a specialRead MoreKnowledge Of Arithmetic, Algebra, And Statistics1196 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesknowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, and statistics and his or her occupations. The knowledge of psychology is human behavior and performance, individual differences in ability, personalities and interests; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders. Education and training is the knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, an d teaching and instruction for individuals. The abilities needed to beRead MoreSocial Perspectives On Education And The Sociology Of Education1273 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe sociology of education? Social influences on educational outcomes and the social nature of education structures of the past and present exemplify how social institutions can affect education perceived by individuals. This can also be defined as the sociology of education; a study of education systems of how social institutions and individual experiences affect education and its outcome, as interpreted by Scott and Marshall (2009). This essay will address how the background of sociology of educationRead MoreMy Role As A Society860 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagestell the truth, at first I wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t sure what to do in life after high school. But then again, learning what is happening around my surrounding as stated to the functional perspective, society is like a living organism with its various parts working together for the good of the whole (pg.16) really help me realize and opened my eyes that I want to make a difference. And in order for me to make a difference I need to have the knowledge to what I can do to help others. And this is why I decided to go toRead MorePsychology And Sociology And Psychology1612 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWhen we think of society or people, and their behavior, psychology and sociology come to our mind. This is because they are academic fields that posses the same main idea, which is the study of the behavior. Although these two sciences have enormous differences, for those whom never had read anything about this topics it would seem the same. Despite bearing some superficial similarities, the differences between sociology and psychology are pronounced. Actually the main contrast between them isRead MoreDorothy E. Smith1454 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdisappointing job prospects, Smith decided to enroll in college. She was accepted to the London School of Economics and achieved a bachelorÃ¢â¬â¢s degree in sociology with a major in social anthropology. Smith went to the University of California at Berkeley in 1955 and later earned a PhD in sociology. There she met and later married fellow student of sociology William Reid Smith. While still in school, she had two children. With small children, William left Dorothy which forced her to become a singleRead MoreSociology : Social Relationship, Development And Function Of Human Society986 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSociology is the study of social relationship, development and function of human society. Throughout the course of sociology you can lean many things about your society an d even your self. Sociology will change the way you look at life and might be able to reflect on future designs or ideas. When enrolling in sociology you will be able to have a set of skills to see sociology, have the knowledge of sociology, and have values of sociology. By having skills, knowledge, and values you will be able understand
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Construal Instructions and Professional Skepticism. Answer: Introduction Auditing is considered as one of the major aspects for the business organizations in todays world. Auditing refers to the process of inspecting the financial statements of the companies in order to be ensured that they are free from material misstatements (William Jr, Glover and Prawitt 2016). At the time of performing the audit operations, it is required for the auditors to comply with all the required ethical principles. In this process, International Ethics Standards Board for Accountants, commonly known as IESBA, plays an integral part. IESBA is an independent body to set standards of ethics for the accountants and auditors. IESBA sets different robust accounting and auditing standards related with ethical standards, auditor independence and others. It is the prime responsibility of the auditors to comply with all the principles and standards of IESBA. According to IESBA, it is not the only responsibility of the auditors to satisfy the needs of the audit clients, but it is also t heir responsibility act in the public iterates (ethicsboard.org 2018). The main aim of this report is to analyze and evaluate the roles and functions of IESBA. The above discussion provides a short description of IESBA. Now, it needs to be mentioned that IESBA has some specific roles and functions. The main role of IESBA involves in the development and issuance of high quality of ethical standards for the public interest and the other pronouncements for the use of the accountants all over the world (ethicsboard.org 2018). The code of Ethics for Professional Accountants and Interpretation of IESBA can be applied to all the accounting professionals all over the world irrespective of any industry as the codes of IESBA serve as a foundation of ethics for the accountants. It is the regulatory obligation on all the business entities under IFAC not to apply less stringent standards than the ethical standards of IESBA (ethicsboard.org 2018). At the time of the development of ethical standards for the accountants, IESBA needs to follow a rigorous due process. The first standard is research and consolation. The task force of IESBA is required to unde rtake appropriate research and consultation process for proposing the draft standards. The next process is transparent debate, as it is required to present the proposed agenda as a form of discussion and debate. The next process is the exposure for public comment (ethicsboard.org 2018). IESBA is to required to present the proposed draft for public comment. After that, it is the role of the project task force of IESBA to consider the comments and suggestions in order to develop the final ethical standards. In the last process, the final exposure draft needs to be approved (ethicsboard.org 2018). Apart from the above, one of the major functions of IESBA is the periodical issue of revised stases for ethics in accounting. For example, in the year of 2010, IESBA did issue a revised Code of Ethics for Professional Accountants to be effective from the date of 1 January 2011 (ethicsboard.org 2018). Apart from this, the issuance of a revised principle-based definition about the constitution of work can be seen from the committee of IESBA. Thus, it can be said that development of principle-based definition is another major function of IESBA. Most importantly, the convergence of international and national ethical standards is a high priority to IESBA. It is also the role of IESBA to make the accountants all over the world to comply with five major ethical principles; they are integrity, objectivity, professional competence and due care, confidentiality and professional behavior (ethicsboard.org 2018). From the provided situation, it can be seen that the auditor has undue financial dependence on an audit client. This particular situation leads to the financial dependency or interest of the auditor on the property of the audit client. Thus, this particular situation creates the self-interest threat of audit independence due to the presence of financial dependence (Tepalagul and Lin 2015). The main consequence of this threat to the audit profession is the generation of biased audit opinion or the generation of audit opinion in the favor of the audit clients. Moreover, this action will breach the IESBA ethical principles of auditing (Sarkar and Sarkar 2012). There are some specific safeguards available for this particular situation. As the most important part of the safeguard, the audit company needs to ensure that the audit member having undue financial dependence on the audit client does not perform the auditing services further. Apart from this, it is required for the audit firm to place proper policies and procedures in order to make it sure that the members of the audit team do not assume any responsibility of the audit team (Tepalagul and Lin 2015). The auditors all over the world have the regulatory obligation not to have any kind of financial or other interests on the property of the audit clients that can influence the audit judgment as it can create the self-interest threat of audits independence (Chi, Douthett Jr, and Lisic 2012). However, in the provided situation, it can be observed that the audit partner or staffs have financial interest in the audit client. Thus, this particular situation has created the self-interest threat of audit independence. In this particular situation, it will not be possible for the auditor to conduct the audit operation of the company in a bias-free manner. The main reason is the influence of financial interest on the audit judgment. Moreover, in the presence of financial interest, the audit judgment will have negative influence and will not convey the correct financial position of the company (Onwuchekwa, Erah and Izedonmi 2012). In order to reduce the level of this particular threat, it is recommended to the audit firm to discontinue the audit operation of the involved audit staff from the audit client. Apart from this, the audit firm is also recommended to implement effective governing system so that this type of situation does not occur in the future (Tepalagul and Lin 2015). The provided situation indicates towards the presence family ties or close relationships between the firms, its partners and the staff of the audit team. According to the audit regulations, the staffs and members of the audit team should not have any long or close relationships with the audit client as it can affect the audit judgment. Non-compliance with this regulation creates familiarity threat of auditing (Ojo 2013). Thus, it can be observed that the provided situation creates the familiarity threat of audit independence. The major consequence of this situation is the breach of the ethical principles of IESBA for the accounting profession as the staffs of the audit team have not complied with the ethical standards and principles. After that, the breach of the ethical principles of IESBA leads to the development of influenced or biased audit opinion in the favor of the audit client (Onwuchekwa, Erah and Izedonmi 2012). As a major way of safeguard, the audit firm is required to assign new experienced audit members for the audit operations. At the same time, the company is recommended to assign a separate chartered accountant for reviewing the work of the audit team. He/she will report to the audit firm in case any negative aspect is found (Onwuchekwa, Erah and Izedonmi 2012). According to the auditing regulation, the auditors are prohibited from providing any kind of non-audit services to the audit clients like bookkeeping services, design and implementation of financial information system and many other services. In the provided situation, it can be seen that the audit firm uses to provide different kinds of non-audit services to the audit client. Thus, this situation states that the audit firm has not complied with the relevant laws and regulation of audit professional (Bowlin, Hobson and Piercey 2015). For this reason, this particular situation creates the treat of the violation of professional behavior of the auditors. In this case, the main consequence of this particular threat is the breach of the ethical principle of IESBA for the accountants and the auditors. This particular aspect leads to the violation of audit reporting principles. In the presence of influence or conflict of interest, the audit opinion will not be biasfree or influence free (Hurtt et al. 2013). As a process to implement safeguard, it is recommended to the audit firm to stop providing non-audit services to the audit client as it is against the audit regulation. At the same time, it is suggested to the audit firm to implement effective corporate governance regulations so that this type can be avoided in the near future. Most importantly, the auditors are advised to comply with the auditing professional standards (Bowlin, Hobson and Piercey 2015). From the provided situation, it can be seen that the audit firm has been providing the audit client with the services of external audit for many years. There has been raising concern related with the independence of the auditors due to the longstanding relation with the audit client. There is a possibility that the auditors can lose professional skepticism and objectivity due to the long relationship with the audit client. For this reason, this particular situation can create the risk of audit failure (Peytcheva 2013). The presence of longstanding relationship between the audit client and the audit firm can lead to the development of biased audit judgment. At the same time, this particular threat degrades the audit profession, as the auditors will have difficulties in conducting different audit opinion (Popova 2012). After consideration of the threat, it is recommended to the audit firm to rotate the audit staffs on a regular interval. Due to this process, there will be less chances of the influence of audit opinion by the audit staffs. At the same time, the auditors are required to comply with the required audit rules and regulations so that there is less chance of audit failure (Rasso 2015). Conclusion From the above discussion, it can be observed that ethical principles have an integral role to play in the success of the audit operations as they help in the gyration of correct and biasfree audit opinion. The above discussion states that IESBA is an independent body responsible for the setting of ethical standards in the auditing process. The study states that the main role of IESBA is the development of high quality ethical standard of auditing. Apart from this, from the analysis of the provided situations indicates that there are different kinds of threat in the audit process along with some major consequences. At the same time, some major safeguards are there of these threats. According to the above discussion, some major threats in auditing are self-interest threat, familiarity threat, professional skepticism threat, threat related to the breach of professional behavior and others. One common consequence of these threats on the audit process is the non-delivery of true audit op inion. Some major safeguards are audit staff rotation, compliance with the ethical standards and others. References Bowlin, K.O., Hobson, J.L. and Piercey, M.D., 2015. The effects of auditor rotation, professional skepticism, and interactions with managers on audit quality.The Accounting Review,90(4), pp.1363-1393. Chi, W., Douthett Jr, E.B. and Lisic, L.L., 2012. Client importance and audit partner independence.Journal of Accounting and Public Policy,31(3), pp.320-336. Ethicsboard.org. (2018).About IESBA | IFAC. [online] Available at: https://www.ethicsboard.org/about-iesba [Accessed 21 Mar. 2018]. Hurtt, R.K., Brown-Liburd, H., Earley, C.E. and Krishnamoorthy, G., 2013. Research on auditor professional skepticism: Literature synthesis and opportunities for future research.Auditing: A Journal of Practice Theory,32(sp1), pp.45-97. IESBA | Ethics | Accounting | IFAC. (2018).Ethicsboard.org. Retrieved 21 March 2018, from https://www.ethicsboard.org/ Ojo, M., 2013. Audits, audit quality and signalling mechanisms: concentrated ownership structures. Onwuchekwa, J.C., Erah, D. and Izedonmi, F., 2012. Mandatory audit rotation and audit independence: Survey of Southern Nigeria.Research Journal of Finance and Accounting,3(7), pp.78-85. Onwuchekwa, J.C., Erah, D.O. and Izedonmi, F., 2012. Mandatory audit rotation and audit quality: Survey of Southern Nigeria.Research Journal of Finance and Accounting,3(8), pp.70-77. Peytcheva, M., 2013. Professional skepticism and auditor cognitive performance in a hypothesis-testing task.Managerial Auditing Journal,29(1), pp.27-49. Popova, V., 2012. Exploration of skepticism, client-specific experiences, and audit judgments.Managerial Auditing Journal,28(2), pp.140-160. Rasso, J.T., 2015. Construal instructions and professional skepticism in evaluating complex estimates.Accounting, Organizations and Society,46, pp.44-55. Sarkar, J. and Sarkar, S., 2012. Auditor and audit committee independence in India. Tepalagul, N. and Lin, L., 2015. Auditor independence and audit quality: A literature review.Journal of Accounting, Auditing Finance,30(1), pp.101-121. William Jr, M., Glover, S. and Prawitt, D., 2016.Auditing and assurance services: A systematic approach. McGraw-Hill Education.
Wednesday, April 8, 2020
*The Federalists wanted a stronger central government. The Anti-federalists did not want to ratify and wanted to establish a smaller central government, as with the Articles of Confederations. The Federalists wanted a weaker state government- while Anti-Federalists wanted stronger. They believed a stronger state government would be more sympathetic than a strong central government. Anti-Federalists supported the small farmers and landowners while the Federalists supported large landowners, merchants, lawyers and judges. The Compromise: In order to avoid the power that the Anti-Federalists feared would come out of a strong central government, the Federalists compromised by coming up our three branch system; the legislative, executive and judifical. Each branch has equal power, and what one doesn't have in power, the other has, so that there's a clear separation of power (Checks and balances.) Not one has a clear, central power.
Monday, March 9, 2020
The Harry Potter Is it really a harmless fantasy The Harry Potter stories have been opposed or objected by some Christians since its inception especially on the subject of its viability as a childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s film. The movies as well as the novels have become a personal favorite for many children around the world. This is backed up by the fact that the Harry Potter series was translated into over sixty languages for all children around the world. The movie was also rated as one of the top blockbuster movies in the world. Harry Potter and the SorcererÃ¢â¬â¢s Stone is the first book in the series written by J. K. Rowling. The book was written in 1997 whereas the movie was produced in 2001. However, despite being a favorite among many, the book has made many Christians being antagonistic about it because it contradicts the Bible teachings regarding the practice of witchcraft and such, wherein the passage can be found in Deuteronomy 18:9-13. As a result, a number of authors came forward to give an evaluation of the movie on whether i t was appropriate for children. The movie has some of the most renown and amazing actors. For instance, professor SnapeÃ¢â¬â¢s character was well delivered. However, his level of acting would have been more appealing to a young adult rather than a child. Consequently, there are more hilarious parts of the movie such as scenes with Hagrid. This would be more appealing to children. Additionally, the movie has aspects of adventure and suspense that would more than likely intrigue a child. According to Marcia Montenegro, all adventurous scenes are enjoyable and innocent if one chooses to ignore the purpose of the story (1). The growing consensus of Harry Potter stories being linked to Christianity prompted Rowling to deny that her books were intended to convert people to Christianity. According to Granger, a few years back, some Christian critics of the series alluded that Harry Potter was not a Christian and that the books were detrimental for children (11). This conclusion could be gathered from the fact that there are some pretty scary scenes that would not be suitable for children under the age of ten. The scenes that are dubbed scary for younger children include: the part where a dog with three heads starts to chase Harry, Hermione, and Ron; the part where they have to participate in a live chess game; when the three also get entangled in crawling plants defined as the devilÃ¢â¬â¢s weed; and lastly, the scene that for sure got all the kids shivering in their blankets, when Lord Voldemort is revealed. The movie is about Harry learning his way around magic. All the children at Hogwarts are there to learn more about the occult arts. Even though the spells were incomplete the movie still showed how these spells were performed. In addition, there is the inclusion of ghostly figures floating around the rooms as well as moving portraits and stair cases. There is also the invisible cloak that allows Harry to walk around unnoticed which leads him to a mirror that allows him to communicate with his dead parents. Montenegro believes that all these scenes create an obscure atmosphere which is unchristian like (4). She perceives that all the spells involved in the movie may make a majority of parents to consider exposing their children from such (3). The actions of the adults in the movie are also depicted to be questionable. For instance, as a way of punishment the children are sent to the Forbidden Forest. Something forbidden is something that should not happen or should not see the face of the earth. Nonetheless, Hermione, Harry, Neville and Malfoy are sent to that forest with Hagrid. On the other hand, Granger says that the Harry Potter novels were not written for Christians nor were they meant to convert nonbelievers into Christians. He further states that the book was not solely written for the purpose of spreading the Gospel (11). However, Mircea Eliade argues that human beings are naturally spiritual which leads us to automatically denying anything that is secularized (45). In this book, Harry Potter and the SorcererÃ¢â¬â¢s Stone, we find that Harry ends up breaking a majority of rules. For instance, the incidents that led him to be elected as the new seeker of the Quidditch team. It all starts when Neville gets injured during practice and the teacher in charge has to take him to the nurse, she clearly instructs the children to remain put a rule that Harry chooses to ignore. He decides to follow Malfoy in order for him to retrieve NevilleÃ¢â¬â¢s property despite the fact that it was not necessary. Another situation, when Harry wants to go see Hagrid and Ron tries to prevent him by reminding him, Ã¢â¬Å"But McGonagall said weÃ¢â¬â¢ve got to stay in our tower unless weÃ¢â¬â¢re in classÃ¢â¬ (192). Majority of parents feel that it is encouraging their children to practice disobedience. Most of the reviews conducted have stated that the movie depicts the book, which is not entirely true. There are scenes from the novel that have been eliminated in the movie. The first disconnect appears in the forest when Harry meets the centaur. In the novel, the centaur speaks praises concerning astrology whereas it was left out in the movie. The second incident happens when Dumbledore informs Harry that Flamel will die. However, according to the book, Dumbledore tells Harry that, Ã¢â¬Å"to the well-organized mind, death is but the next great adventure (Rowling, 100).Ã¢â¬ This statement is perceived to be a key passage as Harry repeats it over and over again in the story. In this case, death is depicted as something adventurous as well as a rite of passage before reincarnation. Life after death was also depicted to be a place that encompasses an individual with more spirituality and knowledge. Christians on the other hand, do not speak about death approvingly even though it is an avenue for them to reunite with Jesus Christ. The fact that the directors intentionally left out the line from the novel leave a lot of room for speculation. Could they have depicted it to be too much for a child? Could it be that the directors wanted to hide it from parents who have not yet read the book? Conclusion All of J.K RowlingÃ¢â¬â¢s books have become a sense of wonder for both the young and the old. The movie series have consequently broke its bars of success. Although many parents might not agree with the scenes involved, it is still a good book. A majority of people in the USA and other countries have grown up reading this book. Harry Potter and the SorcererÃ¢â¬â¢s Stone is a good movie for audiences that are above ten years. However, as parents, we should be mindful and try not to expose our children to all that the popular culture has to give. I believe this is the main reason the movie is Ã¢â¬Å"PGÃ¢â¬ and not just Ã¢â¬Å"GÃ¢â¬ because it really does need the parents supervision. I guess it would not hurt Rowlings or Columbus reputation if I give it a 3/5. Eliade, Mircea. The sacred and the profane: The nature of religion. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt: New York, 1987, pp. 8-216. Granger, John. How Harry Cast His Spell. Carol Stream, IL: Tyndale House Publishers, 2008, pp. 1-280. Harry Potter and the SorcererÃ¢â¬â¢s Stone. Dir. Chris Columbus. Perf. Daniel Radcliff, Rupert Grint, Emma Watson, Robbie Coltrane, Maggie Smith, and Richard Harris, Warner Bros., 2001. Film. Rowling, J. K. Ã¢â¬Å"Harry Potter and the SorcererÃ¢â¬â¢s Stone.Ã¢â¬ Scholastic Press, 1998, pp. 1-391. Montenegro, Marcia. Ã¢â¬Å"The Harry Potter Movie: Harry Potter and The SorcererÃ¢â¬â¢s Stone. Christian Answers for the New Age, pp. 1-5.
Friday, February 21, 2020
Trying To Do The Impossible At GM - Essay Example The World War II played a vital role in moving the GM's ratings to the top as GM got the chance to serve the U.S. Army in terms of transportation. The company was always paying attention to the management side, where as others were busy in creating luxury without realizing the needs of the people. GM paid special attention to what most of the people in U.S. were ought to prefer, the company brought models catering the needs and wants of the people as well as the other sectors of the economy, but that was wy back in 50s. GM not only ruled the automotive sector of the world but also the entire industrial sector of the world. Being the first company to cross the profit margin of $1 Billion, GM griped the market very well until the 1980s when its share started decreasing steadily. The simple reasons for that were the increased production costs and decreased product quality, it was that time when many new entrants competing GM got some hold on the market. It was that time when the exact organizational culture came in view, the company had got so many prevailing issues within it, much of that were related to the labor suggesting that they were facing a strict duty schedule and were pressurized, GM expected them to perform exceptionally well on the outdated plants, this brings in the increased pressure on the human resources which forces them to make many wrong judgments, also there was no proper training available for the employees including the engineers who had to deal with the processing and line manu facturing. Surprisingly, the organization never gave much importance to its employees in terms of their knowledge and experience as most of the times in the past they hired fresh graduates, it sounds normal for a newly established organization but for a company having an exceptional profit statements, it is really unacceptable. The employees are the ones who represent the organization's culture and in case of GM, they were just new to understand and form a culture that could have been positively self changing and lucrative for the organization in the long run. One of the poor things about GM was that the executives believed that they reached the pinnacle and hence there is no room for further improvement in any of the GM's operations, sooner this proved to be very costly when the GM's cars got improvements but the competition increased even faster to crumble GM. However there are yet many reasons for the decline of GM such as improper selection and utilization of human resources, the general populations had got lesser education which made it hard for the companies to initially hire people who were really competitive, but at the same time the company never looked for betterment in the executives and kept the same people along, it was strange to hear a top class productive executive working in GM. Initially, the company was forced do hire such people but they should have changed this policy the moment the market got